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2018考研英语真题二新题型及完形点评(北京新东方)

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文章摘要:2018考研英语真题二新题型及完形点评(北京新东方),灌溉中美两国蹂躏,为民请命萨内蒂芸芸众生。

2018-01-02 11:39

来源:新东方整理

作者:北京新东方 姚瑶

  2018考研初试12月23日至25日进行,乐彩网排列三:乐彩网排列三考研频道时刻关注2018考研初试情况(点击查看》》2018考研初试真题及答案解析专题),并第一时间为考生提供考研真题答案及答案解析内容,同时新东方考研名师将为考生提供视频直播解析。敬请关注乐彩网排列三考研频道为您带来的精彩内容。名师解析专区|考研真题答案专区|考研历年真题 

  2018年考研英语二真题中价值20分的新题型与完形部分,依然延续了历年来为英语二考生寒冬送温暖的风格——不难。

  首先,2018年考研英语二新题型,题目来源为Hemant Varhekar写的7 Ways to break the Ice & make A Conversation With Anyone. 原文中包含7段,真题中选出5段出题考大家,选取的是两类备选题型中,大家很熟悉的选副标题。在段落群中,常见提示位置都有原词提示与含义对应。下文中下划线部分为答案信息位置,括号中为真题缺省原文内容。

  41. [B] The first word flood Gates- My advice Just say it. (先开始说)

  Suppose you are in the room with someone you don’t know and you look across the room and you see a stranger and something within you says that I want to talk with this person and you know something that mostly happens with all of us. You wanted to say something - the first word - but it just won’t come out. It feels like it stuck somewhere and refused to come out. I know the feeling and here is my advice: (Just say it.) “Just get it out”.

  Just think: what the worst could happen? They won’t talk with you? Well they are not talking with you now!

  I truly believe that once you said first word everything else just gets flows. So keep it simple “Hi”, ”Hey” or Hello - do what the best person in you does gather all of the enthusiasm, the energy, put on a big smile and say “Hi”.

  42. [F] Skip the small talk. (跳过废话,问关键的。)

  (You know everyone of us including me sometimes face this problem everyday.) You have limited time with that person you want to talk & you want to make this talk memorable.

  Honestly, if we stuck in the rut of “Hi”, “Hello”, “How are you?”, “What’s going on?”, (“Nothing much”, Sab badiya!) If you do this you will fail to give initial jolt to the conversation that can make conversation memorable.

  (So I urge you to “Skip the small talk and) ask the really personal question and don’t be afraid”. Trust me you’ll be surprised to see how much people are willing to share if you just ask.

  (So ask any personal question regarding his/her interesting name Any story behind this? How long he/she living in this city & do you remember first day you landed in this beautiful city etc. There are enormous ways of asking personal question which people won’t bite to answer trust me on that!)

  43. [D] Find the “me too”s (套近乎,找共同点。)

  When you meet the person for the first time make an effort to find the things which you and that person is in common so that you can build the conversation from that point. When you start conversation from that point and then move outwards from there you’ll find all of the sudden that conversation become a lot easier. (That is because both of you on the same side of god knows something which common to both you.

  That’s the powerful thing!)

  44. [A] Be present (实时专注)

  Imagine you are pouring your heart to someone and he/she just busy on their phone chatting and if you ask for their attention you get a response “I can multitask”.

  So when someone tries to communicate with you just be in that communication whole heartedly. And my favorite part “Make an eye contact”.

  Trust me eye contact is where all the magic happens. When you make an eye contact you can feel the conversation. (Let me boost up your motivation while talking when you look in their eyes 9 out of 10 times they will not look away.)

  45. [E] Name, Places, Things. (细节为王)

  You all came onto a conversation where you met the person, after some time you met again and you forgot the name of the person. Isn’t that awkward? (If they play the game with you tell me my name.)

  So remember the little details of the people you met or you talked with may be the places they been to, the places they want to go, the things they like, the things they hate whatever there is.

  When you remember such things you can automatically become investor in their well being. So they fell responsible to you to keep that conversation going.

  That’s it. Five amazing ways that you can make conversation with almost anyone. Trust me every person is a really good book to read to or to have a conversation with.

  此外,2018年考研英语二完形部分,题目来源为Roni Jacobson写的Curiosity Is Not Intrinsically Good. 20道题目中考察名词5道题,考察动词11道题,考察形容词1道题,考察代词1道题,考察连词1道题,考察短语1道题。显而易见,动词占到一半以上,只要同学们背过考研大纲词汇固定搭配,就可以直接选出大部分正确答案。较难题目在依据句意排除迷惑选项之后,可以在得出的可能备选项中联系上下文确定最终的正确答案。

  Why do people (seek out information about an ex's new relationships,) read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to [1] resolve uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science. The new research reveals that the need to know is so strong that people will [2] seek to slake their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will [3] hurt.

  In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and the Wisconsin School of Business tested students' willingness to [4] expose themselves to aversive stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity. For one [5] trial, each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment. The twist? Half of the pens would [6] deliver an electric shock when clicked.

  Twenty-seven students were told which pens were rigged; another 27 were told only that some were electrified. [7] When left alone in the room, the students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more jolts than the students who knew what would [8] happen. Subsequent experiments replicated this effect with other stimuli, [9] such as the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of repulsive insects.

  The drive to [10] discover is deeply ingrained in humans, on par with the basic drives for [11] food or sex, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago, a co-author of the paper. Curiosity is often considered a good instinct—it can [12] lead to new scientific advances, for instance—but sometimes such [13] inquiry can backfire. “The insight that curiosity can drive you to do [14] self-destructive things is a profound one,” says George Loewenstein, a professor of economics and psychology at Carnegie Mellon University who has pioneered the scientific study of curiosity.

  Morbid curiosity is possible to [15] resist, however. In a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to [16] predict how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to [17] choose to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the [18] outcome of following through on one's curiosity ahead of time can help determine [19] whether it is worth the endeavor. “Thinking about long-term [20] consequences is key to mitigating the possible negative effects of curiosity,” Hsee says. In other words, don't read online comments.

  This article was originally published with the title "Morbid Curiosity"


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